Omega-3 fatty acids are essential fatty acids, which mean they cannot be formed in the human body. Humans need to obtain them from their diet in order to maintain good health. The Dietary Recommended Intake (DRI) has not been established.
Our typical Western diet is high in saturated fat, salt and refined carbohydrates and poor in fatty fish as well as fruit and vegetables.
Extensive research indicates that omega-3 fatty acids derived from cold water fatty fish and fish oil supply the human body with long chain fatty acids such as Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA).
Omega 3 fatty-acids helps support the development of the brain, eyes and nerves in children up to 12 years of age and helps maintain/support cardiovascular health.
As the body cannot make its own omega-3 fatty acids, we have to depend on our diet to provide the omega-3 fatty acids essential for our well-being. The dietary intake of omega-3 fatty acids can be increased by supplementation with a product containing omega-3 fatty acids.
Carotenes are plant derived colour pigments. In humans, carotenes such as beta-carotene are precursors for vitamin A, which is essential for good vision.
Beta-carotene also assists in the maintenance of eyesight, skin, membrane and immune function. Food sources of carotenes include red palm fruit oil as well as the yellow fruit and vegetables such as carrots, pumpkin, orange fleshed sweet potatoes, apricots and mangoes.
Vitamin E is the collective name for tocopherols and tocotrienols, which are fat soluble vitamins with antioxidant properties. Vitamin E helps for the maintenance of good health.
Green leafy vegetables such as spinach, broccoli and Brussels sprouts are examples of food sources for tocopherols while oils such as avocado oil, canola oil, wheat germ oil, red palm fruit oil and soybean oil also contain tocopherols but only minute amounts of tocotrienols. Red palm fruit oil is one of the richest food sources of tocotrienols.